Florence, the city of art par excellence, is home to celebrities such as Dante, Machiavelli, Galileo Galilei and Boccaccio. The invaluable cultural heritage is made even more precious by the works of Michelangelo, Donatello, Brunelleschi, Botticelli, and Giotto.

The heart of Florence is Piazza del Duomo, where you can admire Giotto’s Bell Tower, The Baptistery and Cathedral Museum. The Bell Tower, designed by Giotto, is divided into five floors, which house sculptures and statues on the top floor, there is a beautiful terrace from which you can admire a vast panorama of Florence. The Baptistery is a work of art dating back to Roman times and is dedicated to St. John the Baptist (Patron saint of the city). It has an octagonal structure, is coated and decorated with marble inside and out (including the floor), there are a lot of mosaics and the doors adorned with gold are very beautiful and characteristic. The Cathedral Museum holds the works of famous artists such as Brunelleschi, Ghiberti, Donatello, Andrea Pisano, Luca della Robbia and Giotto.

The Florence Cathedral (Or cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore) stands in all its glory right in the heart of the city, in Piazza del Duomo, on the right bank of the Arno, externally decorated with red, green and white marble. Various artists contributed to its building such as Filippo Brunelleschi (author of the beautiful dome, 90 meters high) and Arnolfo di Cambio. Inside the Cathedral there are marble floors and there are frescoes of rare beauty on the walls like the “Universal Judgement” by Vasari (Dome) and a fresco inspired by Dante and his Divine Comedy not to mention the beautiful stained glass windows and the Mechanical clock which is still functioning.

Piazza della Signoria beside Palazzo Vecchio and the Uffizi, is one of the most important Italian art galleries; full of statues and monuments, including Neptune’s Fountain by Ammannati and the copy of Michelangelo’s David.

Palazzo Vecchio, which still houses the city council offices, is almost all open and hosts original frescoes and decor. The tower of the building, 94 meters high, is of significant importance, between Palazzo Vecchio and the Arno you can find the Uffizi Palace with its Museum, one of the most beautiful in Europe, which preserves some of the greatest Italian and foreign works of art. Among the masterpieces to be admired are the remarkable “Birth of Venus” by Botticelli, the “Holy Family” by Michelangelo and portraits of Federico da Montefeltro and his wife, by Piero della Francesca. Around the building you can find the churches of Santa Maria Novella, San Lorenzo and the Holy Trinity.

The Basilica of Santa Croce is found on the far eastern side of the city, which holds the tombs and monuments of illustrious Florentines (including Michelangelo, Galileo and Machiavelli) and splendid frescoes by Giotto. Other than Ponte Vecchio, you can visit the famous Vasari Corridor that connects the Uffizi to Palazzo Pitti and contains hundreds of works of art from various historical periods.

The Ponte Vecchio is the only bridge intact after the bombings of World War II and is one of the symbols of Florence with its numerous Florentine Goldsmith’s shops. Nearby is Palazzo Pitti with the beautiful Boboli Gardens inside.

Also worth noting is the Archaeological Museum, the Bargello Museum and the Museum of the Academy of Fine Arts.

In Piazza dè Giudici a visit to the Museum of the History of Science which collects works, projects, inventions and ancient tools of the scientist Galileo Galilei should not be missed.